What Are The Different Types Of Academic Libraries?

Types of Academic Libraries Examples Typical Characteristics of Institution Roles of Librarian
Large Research Institutions Stanford, Harvard, MIT, Purdue, UCLA, OHSU, Duke, etc. Often have several subject specific libraries; often require 2nd Master's for librarians; have PhD programs; emphasis on scholarly and research support Scholarly communication; Subject specialization; Web Development; Data Management; Archives
4 Year Public Universities SJSU, CSU Stanislaus, Portland State, etc. Subject specialist librarians; MA/MS usually highest degree awarded; greater emphasis on instruction rather than research; urban campuses will be mostly commuter students Reference and Instruction; Outreach; Digital services; Subject specialists; Possible faculty status
Private 4 Year, Liberal Arts Colleges Mills College, Occidental College, Pomona, etc. Small student body and faculty; residential; mostly undergraduates Reference and Instruction; Technical support; Collection Development; Jack of all trades
Community Colleges Ohlone Community College, City College of San Francisco, Santa Rosa Junior College, etc. 2-year AA and technical programs; teaching and skill development-centered Outreach and Instruction; Reference; Technical support; Typically a jack of all trades; Possible faculty status

Explore these university and college library websites below to get a feel for the environment and roles that librarians play. The websites listed are examples only - there are many more academic libraries than we can list.