Advances in Linked Data and KOS Research
Published: March 14, 2023 by Dr. Lei Zhang
Linked data is about publishing, sharing, and connecting data from different sources on the web. The application of linked data covers domains such as geography, government, life sciences, linguistics, media, etc. Linked data in cultural heritage institutions include cases of bibliographic data, authority data, controlled vocabularies, and metadata element sets, from national libraries, research libraries, public libraries to archives and museums. The development of conceptual model IFLA LRM and the cataloging standard RDA as well as the bibliographic framework BIBFRAME aim to enable the metadata to be more open, linked, and enriched.
KOS (Knowledge Organization Systems), referring to classification schemes, subject headings, taxonomies, thesauri, ontologies, have been increasingly published as linked data. KOS are the essential tools for information organization and retrieval and other purposes, moving toward knowledge organization structures/systems/services to be used in the networked environment.
I am currently working on a research project of the linked data use cases in libraries, archives, and museums. The purpose of this research is to delineate a picture of the components and characteristics of linked data use cases in libraries, archives, and museums to inform the future linked data policies and practices. This research is to track the ongoing development of linked data, identify the key issues and trends that are common and unique across the settings, from standards and approaches to resources and services.
The first phase study explored the barriers and challenges of linked data implementation from the perspective of knowledge management (Zhang, 2022). Through the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA), thirty articles and reports were collected from a variety of sources over the past decade and were analyzed from multiple facets. A range of issues were identified with regard to technical, administrative, and social aspects, from data quality and reliability, inconsistency in standards and best practices to lack of resources such as tools and licenses. It suggested that the crucial role of knowledge management and innovation should deserve enough attention to empower the linked data projects and services. The next phase study is underway further examining the implications and trends of linked open data with a complete set of use cases and in a broader context.
The organization of data and information has been the foundation in information science but is transforming with the advancements of technologies and multidisciplinary knowledge and is finding its applicability to a wide variety of settings. I have delved into the evolution and the power of linked data along with emerging technologies and the potential of knowledge organization systems to fulfill in various information environments.
Zhang, L. (2022). Empowering linked data in cultural heritage institutions: A knowledge management perspective. Data and Information Management, 6(3). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dim.2022.100013